Historically Significant Artifacts

 

(Picture of the Mayan Calender)

Ancient Mayan Calendar

What we call the Mayan Calendar is actually a set of three interlocking calendars, the sacred calendar of 260 days called the Tzolkin, the solar calendar of 365 days known as the Haab, and a Calendar round which after every 52 years, the Tzolkin and a Haab day come back in sync with each other.[1] The ancient Maya were accomplished observers of the sky and using their knowledge or astronomy and mathematics, they developed an accurate calendar system which is still used until today. This invention was historically significant to the development of early society because it is a method of measuring time accurately a purpose as it was used to measure time into the future or past. Quite simply, it was used to measure hundreds or thousands of years, as opposed to the days, weeks and months in our modern calendars. One of the most important roles of the calendar was to correlate the actions of Maya rulers to historic and mythological events as well as predicted the future.

 

 Mayan Hieroglyphics

4953318-Mayan_hieroglyphs-0

(Picture of Mayan Hieroglyphic Writing)

The Maya hieroglyphic writing is arguably one of the most visually striking writing systems of the world. The hieroglyphic writing system of the Maya must be interpreted from a triple combination of images which are pictographs or glyphs.[2] The Mayan script is, therefore, a combination of signs, representing syllables and words and it has survived in stone carvings, on stucco, wood, pottery and cloth artifacts and in codices. It was historically significant to the development of early Mayan society because it allowed people to transmit culture and leave a record for future generations, keep records of significant events as well as religious purposes. The writing system created a barrier of classes between people because it is probable that only small elite of the Maya population could read, possibly only the nobility and priests.[3] The May believed that writing was invented by the god Itzamna and it was sacred.

 

Terrace Farming

kibgsheng rice terrace 3

(Terrace Farming in Ancient Maya)

The mystery of how the Maya could produce enough nutritious food to feed everyone, considering the land they inhabited and worked with no metal tools or draft animals is dealt with Terrace farming. Terrace farming is historically significant to the development of early society because in order to deal with rainforests, swampy areas and mountainous hillsides, the Maya had to engineer terraces on the steep hillsides. Small fields were cut into a hillside and held with a wall creating a series of steps that reduces water runoff and erosion.[4] These terraces made the most productive use of mountainous or hilly land.

 

 

[1]           Davies, Dianna. “The Maya Calendar Explained (KS2).” Maya Archaeologist. January 15, 2018. Accessed April 04, 2018. http://mayaarchaeologist.co.uk/index.php/2016/12/31/maya-calendar-system/.

[2]           Cartwright, Mark. “Maya Writing.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 12, 2014. Accessed April 04, 2018. https://www.ancient.eu/article/655/.

 

[3]           Cartwright, Mark. “Maya Writing.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 12, 2014. Accessed April 04, 2018. https://www.ancient.eu/article/655/.

 

[4]           “Maya Agricultural Methods,” History, May 25, 2017, accessed April 04, 2018, https://www.historyonthenet.com/maya-agricultural-methods/.

 

 

Bibliography

Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Mayan Hieroglyphic Writing.” Encyclopædia Britannica.            February 21, 2007. Accessed April 04, 2018. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mayan-hieroglyphic-writing.

 

Cannato, Vincent J., Barbara Will, Daniel Feller, Danny Heitman, and Steven Nadler. “Texting in Ancient Mayan Hieroglyphs.” National Endowment for the Humanities. January 30, 2018. Accessed             April 04, 2018. https://www.neh.gov/humanities/2018/winter/feature/texting-in-ancient-mayan-hieroglyphs.

 

Cartwright, Mark. “Maya Food & Agriculture.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Accessed April 04,    2018. https://www.ancient.eu/article/802/maya-food–agriculture/.

 

Davies, Dianna. “The Maya Calendar Explained (KS2).” Maya Archaeologist. January 15, 2018.                 Accessed April 04, 2018. http://mayaarchaeologist.co.uk/index.php/2016/12/31/maya-calendar-system/.

 

Digital image. Mysterypile Ancient Mysteries. Accessed April 4, 2018.          http://blog.mysterypile.com/2013/08/face-in-mayan-calendar.html

 

Digital image. Taringa. Accessed April 4, 2018.          https://www.taringa.net/posts/imagenes/11566962/Terrazas-De-Arroz-Longsheng-34-Fotos.html

 

Mark, Joshua J. “Maya Civilization.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Accessed April 04, 2018.                           https://www.ancient.eu/Maya_Civilization/.

 

“Maya Agricultural Methods.” History. May 25, 2017. Accessed April 04, 2018.                                                                                  https://www.historyonthenet.com/maya-agricultural-methods/.

 

Palenque Site Museum in Mexico. Digital image. Travel Blog. Accessed April 4, 2018.                           https://www.travelblog.org/Photos/4953318

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s