(Picture of the Mayan Calender)
Ancient Mayan Calendar
What we call the Mayan Calendar is actually a set of three interlocking calendars, the sacred calendar of 260 days called the Tzolkin, the solar calendar of 365 days known as the Haab, and a Calendar round which after every 52 years, the Tzolkin and a Haab day come back in sync with each other. The ancient Maya were accomplished observers of the sky and using their knowledge or astronomy and mathematics, they developed an accurate calendar system which is still used until today. This invention was historically significant to the development of early society because it is a method of measuring time accurately a purpose as it was used to measure time into the future or past. Quite simply, it was used to measure hundreds or thousands of years, as opposed to the days, weeks and months in our modern calendars. One of the most important roles of the calendar was to correlate the actions of Maya rulers to historic and mythological events as well as predicted the future.
(Picture of Mayan Hieroglyphic Writing)
The Maya hieroglyphic writing is arguably one of the most visually striking writing systems of the world. The hieroglyphic writing system of the Maya must be interpreted from a triple combination of images which are pictographs or glyphs. The Mayan script is, therefore, a combination of signs, representing syllables and words and it has survived in stone carvings, on stucco, wood, pottery and cloth artifacts and in codices. It was historically significant to the development of early Mayan society because it allowed people to transmit culture and leave a record for future generations, keep records of significant events as well as religious purposes. The writing system created a barrier of classes between people because it is probable that only small elite of the Maya population could read, possibly only the nobility and priests. The May believed that writing was invented by the god Itzamna and it was sacred.
(Terrace Farming in Ancient Maya)
The mystery of how the Maya could produce enough nutritious food to feed everyone, considering the land they inhabited and worked with no metal tools or draft animals is dealt with Terrace farming. Terrace farming is historically significant to the development of early society because in order to deal with rainforests, swampy areas and mountainous hillsides, the Maya had to engineer terraces on the steep hillsides. Small fields were cut into a hillside and held with a wall creating a series of steps that reduces water runoff and erosion. These terraces made the most productive use of mountainous or hilly land.
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Digital image. Mysterypile Ancient Mysteries. Accessed April 4, 2018. http://blog.mysterypile.com/2013/08/face-in-mayan-calendar.html
Digital image. Taringa. Accessed April 4, 2018. https://www.taringa.net/posts/imagenes/11566962/Terrazas-De-Arroz-Longsheng-34-Fotos.html
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Palenque Site Museum in Mexico. Digital image. Travel Blog. Accessed April 4, 2018. https://www.travelblog.org/Photos/4953318