In the lands of south-eastern Mexico, the Maya culture was alive and growing. Ancient Maya expanded for increasing population. Starting in the Yucatan, the Maya expanded their borders around southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and Western Honduras. It is said there were more than forty Maya cities. Their populations ranged from five thousand to fifty thousand in each city. The total amount of people may have been around two million or so, at one time. Farming was a way of life, as we see settlements of village farmers established in both the central lowlands regions as well as the southern highland regions. Ancient Maya people were clever and hardworking farmers who used a variety of techniques to raise enough food to feed the large populations in Maya cities. Lastly, Maya rulers managed the production and distribution of status goods used to enhance their prestige and power. Over time Maya rulers managed ever-larger portions of the economy. In conclusion, Ancient Maya civilization expanded for increasing population growing their borders around southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and Western Honduras.
Religion Of Ancient Maya
The Mayan Religion involved several aspects of Nature, astronomy, and rituals. Most God’s were represented a form of Nature like Sun God, Kinih Ahous, or Maize God, Yum Kaax. The Mayan Religion was Polytheist, and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. They believed that the God’s were human-like and they were born, grew up and died. God’s would do human activites such as creating, planting, and harvesting maize, fighting wars and much more. This led to the Gods having interrelated jobs with their hierarchy. The Mayans were known for their calendars and astronomical buildings. These were used during their religious rituals. Similar to the Egyptians, the Mayans built Pyramid like temples for religious reasons. The main difference in shape is that the Mayan pyramids have a flat top to build temples on top. These pyramids were sacred and each usually had two or four staricases used for priests getting close to the Gods. They believed that every person had an animal companion who shared their soul. The Mayan religion believed that most peoples souls’ were vanquished to spend their afterlives in the underworld which contained evil Gods, represented as jaguars, the symbol of the night. Only those who died at childbirth or were sacrificed would have escaped the underworld.